An inverter is a power electronic device that changes direct current (DC) to alternating current (AC). The resulting AC frequency obtained depends on the particular device employed. Inverters do the opposite of rectifiers which were originally large electromechanical devices converting AC to DC. Circuits that perform the opposite function, converting AC to DC, are called rectifiers. The runtime of an inverter powered by batteries is dependent on the battery power and the amount of power being drawn from the inverter at a given time.

Inverter battery

Inverter Battery Importance 

Inverter batteries are important components for backup power systems, providing reliable power supply, protection, flexibility, and environmental benefits in various aspects.

  • It serves as a reliable power backup solution during power outages which ensures uninterrupted power supply to some critical devices, appliances, or entire systems.
  • Inverter batteries help protect sensitive electronic equipment from sudden power voltage fluctuations, and electrical disturbances. They provide a stable and regulated power supply, preventing potential damage to devices and ensuring their durability.
  • It enable the efficient utilization of energy by converting DC power into AC power and back. It helps reduce energy wastage and lowers electricity costs in the long run.
  • Together with other renewable energy sources such as solar or wind power, inverter batteries help contribute to a greener and more sustainable energy ecosystem.

 

Inverter Battery Maintenance Guide

Apart from buying and installing an inverter/UPS, Inverter batteries are an important aspect in the proper running of Inverters and UPS and so they need maintenance.

Proper maintenance of inverter and UPS batteries is important to ensure their optimal performance and durability.

Here are some key guides to help you maintain your inverter and UPS batteries both at home and workplace:

Inverter Battery Regular Inspections

Conduct regular and visual inspections of the batteries for any signs of physical damage, leakage, or corrosion. Check the battery terminals and connections for tightness to verify that the battery cables are securely fastened to prevent accidental disconnection. Then ensure that the battery terminals are clean, tight, and free from any corrosion because corroded terminals can impede the flow of electricity. Also examine the battery casing for any cracks or bulges, as these can indicate internal battery damage and may require replacement. It is also important to monitor battery voltage regularly using a voltmeter to ensure they are within the acceptable range.

Cleanliness of the Inverter Battery Surface

Keep the battery surfaces clean and free from dust, dirt, or any other contaminants, because accumulated dirt can lead to increased heat and hinder the battery’s performance. Use a clean cloth or brush with a mild detergent solution to remove any dirt. You can use a mixture of baking soda and water to neutralize and clean any acid residue. Then rinse the terminals with clean water and ensure they are completely dry before reconnecting. 

The Temperature of the Inverter Battery

Batteries perform best within a specific temperature range. Make sure that the inverter and battery are installed in a well-ventilated room and free from excessive heat to avoid the battery getting heated up or extreme cold so as to avoid temperature-related damage. Maintain an appropriate operating temperature for the batteries. Extreme temperatures, both high and low, can affect battery performance and lifespan.

Moderate Discharge of the Inverter Battery

Following the guidelines of the manufacturer for charging the batteries is important, to avoid deep discharges, as it can reduce the battery life of the inverter, the higher the loads placed on the inverter the faster the battery charge reduces. Also recharge the batteries regularly after use and maintain them at an adequate state of charge.

Appropriate Water Level of the Inverter Battery

For flooded lead-acid batteries, check and ensure the water level is maintained between the maximum and minimum water limit. Distilled water should be added if the electrolyte levels are low, but avoid overfilling.

Equalization Charge

Perform periodic equalization charges as consulted by the manufacturer. This procedure helps to balance the individual cell voltages and prevents sulfation.

Regular Capacity Test

Conduct battery capacity tests regularly to assess their state of health and performance. This can be done by using specialized battery testers or with the help of professionals.

Safety Precautions

Safety protocols should be observed when working with batteries and wear appropriate protective gear such as gloves and safety glasses. So take precautions to avoid accidental short circuits and follow proper safety procedures. Then keep flammable materials away from batteries, as they can pose a fire hazard. In case of any leaks, spills, or other signs of battery damage, take appropriate safety measures and seek professional assistance if needed.

Professional Consultation

Periodically consult professional technicians to carry out comprehensive maintenance checks and servicing of inverters and inverter batteries. And if you are unsure about any aspect of battery maintenance or encounter complex issues, seek professional assistance from qualified technicians or the manufacturer. As they can provide specialized knowledge and expertise to ensure proper maintenance and troubleshooting. Professional technicians also perform detailed inspections, and testing, and also address any potential issues that may arise. Professionals can conduct load tests, check battery health, and perform necessary adjustments or repairs to ensure optimal performance and safety.

Appropriate Charging as Recommended by the Manufacturer

Adhere to the manufacturer’s recommendations for charging and discharging the batteries. Use the correct charging voltage and current specified by the battery manufacturer, as it can reduce their lifespan and cause damage, and regularly monitor the charging process and do ensure the batteries are charging correctly. Overcharging or undercharging can significantly impact battery life. And avoid deep discharges as much as possible, as it can strain the battery and reduce its overall capacity. Recharge the batteries promptly after use. If the UPS system has a built-in battery testing feature, use it periodically to assess the battery’s health and capacity.

Replacement of Inverter Battery

Keep track of the battery’s age and expected lifespan. Most batteries have a recommended lifespan of 3-5 years, depending on usage and environmental factors. Plan for timely battery replacements to prevent sudden failures or reduced backup times. Replace the batteries as per the manufacturer’s recommendations or when their capacity significantly declines.

Lead-Acid Batteries Equalization

For flooded lead-acid batteries, perform regular battery equalization to balance the charge across individual cells. This process helps prevent capacity imbalances and extends battery life. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions or consult a professional for proper battery equalization procedures, as they can vary depending on the battery type and model.

Monitor the Runtime of the Battery

 Monitor the rate of deep discharges of the batteries, as it can reduce their overall capacity and lifespan. Refrain from the overloading of batteries by ensuring the connected loads are within the rated capacity of the system. And also, calculate the runtime requirements of your system accurately to avoid unnecessary strain on the batteries. Periodically monitor the load and runtime to ensure it aligns with the battery’s capacity.

Replacement Specification

Follow the manufacturer’s recommended battery replacement schedule. Even with proper maintenance, batteries have a limited lifespan and will eventually need replacement. When replacing batteries, use the same type and specifications as the original batteries. Dispose of old batteries in an environmentally friendly manner according to local regulations.

Test Backup Power System

Regularly test the backup power system to ensure its functionality and reliability. Perform routine load tests by simulating a power outage to verify the system’s response. Again, monitor the battery voltage and runtime during testing to identify any abnormalities. For reference purposes, keep a log of the testing results and address any issues promptly.

Regular Use of Inverter Battery

Regularly use your inverter battery even if there is no power shortage use appliances on the inverter battery and exhaust it to the required minimum.

By following these tips and guidelines, you can prolong the lifespan of your batteries, reduce the risk of downtime, and ensure continuous power supply during critical situations. Take note to always refer to the specific guidelines provided by the manufacturer for your inverter and UPS batteries, as they may have unique requirements about them and recommendations for maintenance.

Contact us for credible and reliable installation and maintenance of Inverter and UPS batteries and the exclusive purchase of durable and top brand Inverters/UPS and Inverter batteries at affordable prices by visiting our website www.kabtechnicalenterprises.com.ng

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